Massage techniques can be divided into five basic categories: stroking, kneading, friction, tapping, and vibration.
Sliding the palm of the hand and the fleshy part of the finger on the skin by compressing it, without ever losing contact with the surface to be massaged.
This is the basic technique of massage. The stroking is performed in a slow, rhythmic, using both hands together (hands must be flat with fingers linked but flexible) with a small space between the thumbs. Massage sessions are often started and finished by this technique. This is also the best method to accustom the patient in contact with the therapist's hands on his body and his skin. It is important that the hands remain in contact with the skin as long as possible as they move from one part to the other body. If the therapist wants to use only light pressure, it will use the palms or fingertips with light sliding movements, working out of mind. Light sliding movements have a relaxing effect on the nervous system. For increased pressure joints or inches can be used in a movement towards the heart. More pressure has a greater effect on blood circulation and the nervous system. The effleurage quick firm is used to stimulate blood flow, improve flexibility and heat the muscles. It is often used to warm up before participating in a sport.
Operating massage consisting of strongly feel a muscle or group of muscles.
The kneading is performed with the pulp of the thumbs and fingers and palms. It is ideal for relieving sore or tense muscles, especially the trapezius between the neck and shoulders. Both hands work together in a rhythmic motion, alternately, taking, pressing lightly, and rolling the stretched muscle. It is used to release the tension of the superficial and deep muscles and increase blood flow in the area. The kneading action becomes deep enough to stimulate the lymphatic system and release the build up of lactic acid. Athletes often have a buildup of lactic acid in certain muscles, which can cause cramping. The kneading movements are particularly effective on the deep muscles such as the shoulders, buttocks, hips and legs.
massage technique practiced with one or more fingers, and of exerting more or less pressure on the muscles or joints, in analgesic and aim to improve local circulation.
The purpose of the friction is to break the adhesion between the fabric and relax all contracted muscle fibers. It is therefore often used in trigger point therapy, such as around the shoulders and neck. Friction is made with the pulp of the inch, never the end. A small circular motion and deep, in which the tip of the thumb remains in contact with the same area of skin, is used to crush the tissue contracted against underlying tissue or bone. This is the only massage technique that can cause pain (often described as "sweet agony"). A variation of this technique is to simply press the pulp with thumbs and fingers instead of massaging in small circles (known as the "pressure"). Friction is often used on the dancers and athletes who are experiencing problems of ligament or tendon, because it stimulates blood flow and also improves joint flexibility. This method should not be used on parts of the body that have been injured in any way, eg bruising.
Tapping (or percussion)
Operating massage performed using the hand placed spoon-shaped and that strikes the surface of the skin.
Tapping is derived from the French word pat, which means "drum" (like the fingers on a surface). A typical example is made with the edge of the hand with a quick movement, like trying to chop (such as karate), although the movements are not strong. In fact percussion covers a variety of movements ( "Hatch", "spoon-shaped hand", "beat" ...) that stimulate the skin and light tissue and increases blood flow in the area worked. This type of massage is used on areas such as the buttocks, thighs, waist or shoulders where there is a large area of flesh.
The vibration is to shake the muscles by printing by hand or with the fingertips resting on the skin rapid oscillations. Used on the back, buttocks and upper thighs, this maneuver, for stimulating the nervous system, can be advantageously replaced by vibration devices.
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